Apples: Versatile Stars

Crabapples on tree branch.
Crabapples
Photo from Pixabay

Apples are so versatile with so many uses people almost overlook them or take them for granted.

They’re nutritious and benefit your health in many ways helping to prevent some diseases.

Although sweet on their own, treats like apple pie add something special to a meal.

You can grow your own and within a few years of planting they’re ready to pick.

But there’s more to apples than eating. This is the second part of two articles about these globes. Experience some of their other star qualities!

Pink crabapple flowers.
Crabapple flowers
Photo from Pixabay

Decorative Crabapple Trees

Besides growing your own tree for fruit there is a decorative version:  the crabapple tree. This four season beauty is worthy of a spot in your yard.

In spring, it’s covered in small fragrant blossoms that capture your nose long before you see the tree.

It’s the kind of scent that makes people forget to watch where they’re walking – running into street signs or falling off curbs.

Summer’s bronzy green leaves cover the tree, hiding the growing clusters of fruit.

Fall leaves turn colors yellow to red. Small apples like ornaments, hang in plain sight all over the tree.

Winter, some apples remain and stand out from the dark bark on the twisting branches.  

Red crabapples frozen in ice on tree branch.
Crabapples in ice.
Photo from Pixabay

Features:

Genus:  Malus

Name refers to:  Tree with small bitter fruit that is edible in jellies.

Zones:  4-8

Leaves:  Small deep green to bronzy color in summer. Varieties have leaves that turn yellow, orange, red or purple in fall.

Blooms:  In April beautiful buds open to flowers of white, various shades of pale to deep pink depending on the variety.

Fruit:  Small yellow, orange red to deep red apples that are too bitter for basic eating.  It makes a good tart jelly.

Trunks:  Pretty, gnarled shape that looks like a statue in winter. Snow on bark is a bonus.

Height: 15-20 feet

Spread:  12-20 feet

Attracts:  Pollinators like bees and butterflies. Birds love the fruit later in the season.

Crabapple trunk, branches. leaves in fall.
Fall Crabapple tree
Photo from Pixabay

Care:

Sunlight:  Full sun

Soil:  Well-drained, tolerates clay soil

Water:  Medium

Fertilize:  Add compost once a year

Problems:

Considered a low maintenance tree if you get a disease and pest resistant variety.

People who cut the grass find fallen apples may damage the mower blades.  Plant in a large bed where fallen fruit can just decompose.

May develop scab, fireblight, rust or powdery mildew.

Insect problems include aphids, borers, Japanese beetles, scale, spider mites and tent caterpillars.

More Star Qualities

Experience versatile apples in events, art, crafts, stories and sayings. You’re surrounded by their sight and tart smell!

Rows of candy and carmel apples.
Carmel and candy apples
Photo from Pixabay

Celebrations of apples:

Festivals: Across the country you can find many apple festivals usually from September to mid October. Think about it now and plan a fall trip for next year.

Each festival is unique reflecting the town or area where it is held. Apples and products made from them are the stars of the festival.

Here are some activities you may find: judging of apples, pies and jellies; arts and crafts with the fruit.

More activities: parades, musical entertainment, how-to demonstrations, games, rides, hayrides and art shows.

Apple-picking at farms who may also host events or sell products made from apples.

Bobbing for apples is a game usually played at Halloween parties. Get a large tub at least 18 inches in diameter, fill with water and throw some fresh ones in. Watch them float on top.

You kneel on the ground with hands behind your back. Try to grab one with your teeth. Not as easy as it looks!

If the tub is big enough two people can bob at the same time. Winner is the one who gets it first. You can also time the contestant to see how long it takes. Shortest time wins.

Or set a timer for a minute and see who can get one in that time. If you get the apple it’s yours.

Crafts

Dolls: Make a doll head out of a dried apple. Make a body, attach the dried apple head and dress it to complete the doll. There are many instructions on line for how to make one.

Half an apple.
Half apple ready for print making.
Photo from Pixabay

Apple Art: Young children may use them as a tool to make sculptures or prints. To make a print use half an apple as a stamp. Cut a whole one in half. Let it dry for a little bit so juice doesn’t interfere with paint.

Put a little acrylic paint on a paper plate. Take one of the dried halves and dip the cut side evenly into the paint. Press onto a piece of paper. What designs can you make?

Painting of wooden bowl of apples.
Current painting of apples in still life.
Image from Pixabay

Art

Apples are the main subject in paintings by famous artists.

Vincent Van Gogh painted Still Life with Apples, Paul Gaugin painted Apples in Bowl, and Paul Cezanne painted The Basket of Apples.

Maybe this fruit was in season and handy to grab, display and paint? These are only three of many works of art with apples as the main subject or as part of a larger scene.

Tree trunk surrounded by fallen green apples.
Fallen apples
Photo from Pixabay

Stories from history

Sir Isaac Newton (1642/43-1727), an English physicist and mathematician had an experience with the humble apple that inspired him to think about gravity.

While drinking tea under apple trees, a ripe one fell from a tree to the ground. Thinking about “why and how” later contributed to the development of the universal law of gravity.

John Chapman aka Johnny Appleseed ( 1774-1845), was a traveling nurseryman who planted nurseries and apple orchards throughout Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana.

The fruit from these trees were good only for making hard cider and applejack. Orchards were a legal way to make a land claim.

He’d plant an orchard and create a nursery, then leave to create another somewhere else. He’d return in a few years to sell the first one off.

He dressed simply, often without shoes, wearing a tin hat. He believed in no harm to animals or other living creatures. His life and work made him a folk hero.

A few old sayings starring apples:

One slice of apple pie.
Slice of apple pie
Photo from Pixabay

As American as apple pie.

An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

The apple doesn’t fall too far from the tree.

An apple for the teacher…

“Apple polisher” – name given to a person trying to impress someone.

Apples are wide spread in the world. They’re recognized in all sorts of food products, health benefits, celebrations and artistic uses. They’re everyday stars of life!

References

PickYourOwn.org

Wikiart Visual Art Encyclopedia

web.stanford.edu

Copyright 2019 Juli Seyfried

Apples: Stars of Food and Nutrition

Apples plucked from the orchard display their useful versatility in this two-part series during the “Apple Month” of October.

Three McIntosh Apples stacked.
McIntosh Apples ready to eat!

Apples are for more than snacking. They are the versatile stars of their own dishes like pie and drinks of cider. They are the main feature of holiday games and decorations.

Scientists study their health benefits. Apples offer lifestyle advice through wise old sayings.

Here’s a look at some of their contributions to nutrition and mealtimes.

Health benefits

Studies abound about the beneficial effects on the body from eating apples. Although not a cure-all apples have some preventive qualities.

Because they contain Vitamin C and Beta carotene antioxidants, apples fight toxins in the body. 

Fiber in apples helps tame cholesterol. Fiber cleans the liver and colon by removing toxins. Apple fiber contributes to protection against diseases like diabetes, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Apples are low in calories. Eaten raw they naturally remove some stains from your teeth.

Some common food uses for apples:

Eating apples tops the list. Will you be eating them fresh? Will you cook or bake them? Do you like your apples on the sweet side or do you like a tart flavor?

Some varieties are tried and true for eating fresh as a snack or in a salad like: McIntosh, Red Delicious, Fuji and Gala.

Some are good for both eating fresh or cooking and baking like: Crispin, Braeburn, Jonagold and Granny Smith.

These are just of few of the varieties. There are so many more apples to choose from. Some grow only in your area. Give a different one a try!

Two barrels of apples in an apple orchard.
Two barrels of apples picked from trees in the orchard ready for processing. Photo from Pixabay.
  • Food made from apples:

Applesauce is made by cooking peeled apples and sometimes adding spices. Available in stores, some with no added sugar or you can make your own.

Start with a few fresh apples. Wash and peel. If you leave the peels on they make the sauce chewier but add nutrients.

Cut the apples into slices. Add some water and cook in a saucepan over medium heat until it’s the consistency you like. Sprinkle cinnamon over apples while cooking. Cool before serving.

Dried apples can be made in dehydrators or ovens.

Apple jelly and apple butter spread on toast or muffins are delicious! Buy ready to slather on or find an easy-to-make recipe.

How about apples dipped in melted candy or caramel? The sweet and sticky concoctions get all over your face and hands – but they’re oh so good!

Buy candy apples or caramel apples in stores. Have a sticky good time with easy recipes to make your own.

  • Drink the juice made from apples:

Apple Juice is filtered to remove pulp, etc. and pasteurized to kill bacteria.

Cider is apple juice that hasn’t been filtered or sweetened.  It may be pasteurized.

Hard cider and applejack are fermented versions of apple juice. The amount of alcohol from the fermentation process differs in each product. Hard cider has less alcohol than applejack.

  • All-purpose apple products:

Vinegar is made from fermentation of apple juice. It’s used for many purposes. Food uses include: vinegar as a partner in salad dressing and pickling just about anything.

Clean counter tops with a 50/50 solution of vinegar/water.

Use it full strength in a squirt bottle for killing weeds. A bottle that streams liquid works best to target only weeds.  

Finding and storing apples

Besides your local grocery, farmers’ markets and apple farms are great places to get popular varieties. Some carry local varieties.

Choosing organic apples reduces the amount of pesticides that you consume. They keep best in the refrigerator.

Apple tree with apples on tree and ground.
Apple tree loaded with fruit. Photo from Pixabay.

Interested in growing your own trees?

Apple trees originated in Kazakhstan in central Asia. They are members of the Rosaceae family. They are found in almost every part of the world.

Here are a few tips for growing them in your yard:

You will need to buy two trees so that bees can cross pollinate them to produce fruit.  Make sure the location you want to plant them is the best spot for their needs:  soil, light – at least eight hours/day and water. Keep in mind the size of the full grown tree when choosing a spot!

Your local nursery can help you with the selections hardiest in your zone. They have information on insect and disease resistance. They can also tell you how many years before you see fruit growing on the trees.

Consider the care needed to grow them. They thrive with regular watering and yearly pruning.

A group of green apples with one peeled.
One peeled and ready to cook apple in the group. Photo from Pixabay.

Ready to make some goodies from apples? Here are three recipes to try that are inspired by old apple recipes:

  • Slaw with Apples and Cheese

Grate cabbage. Add chopped or grated apples along with your favorite crumbled or grated cheese. Mix with mayo or mayo substitute. Season to taste with salt and pepper or a non-salt seasoning.

  • Apple Pie

1 single ready-made or made from scratch pie crust

Filling:

1 21oz can apples or 3 C fresh, peeled and cooked apples

1 TBS all-purpose flour

8 TBS sugar or favorite sweetener following the package’s substitution guidelines

1 tsp cinnamon

2 TBS bottled lemon juice

1 – 2 TBS butter, cut into small pieces

Directions:

Preheat oven to 400 degrees.

Place pie crust in pie pan.

In a medium bowl:  mix apples, flour, sugar, ½ tsp cinnamon and lemon juice together. Place on crust in pie pan.  Scatter the pieces of butter over filling.  Sprinkle remaining cinnamon on top.

Place a ring of foil on pie crust edges to prevent overcooking. Bake at 400 degrees for 20 minutes. Remove foil from edges and bake until crust is lightly browned. Take from oven and cool for 15 minutes before cutting and serving.

  • Applesauce Bread With Nuts

2 C all-purpose flour

¾ C sugar or favorite sweetener following the package’s substitution guidelines

3 tsp baking powder

1 tsp salt

1/2 tsp soda

1 tsp cinnamon

¾ C nuts – walnuts or pecans (omit if you want)

1 egg

1 C applesauce (no sugar added type)

2 tsp melted butter or margarine

Directions:

Preheat oven to 350 degrees.

Beat egg. Add applesauce and the butter or margarine. Mix. Add dry ingredients.  Stir by hand or mixer until blended.

Bake 1 hour at 350 degrees. Touch top to see if it springs back easily. If it does, insert a table knife in top. If it comes out clean, it’s done! Let cool before slicing and serving.

In Part 2 we’ll look at other versatile uses for apples and the meanings of some of those old sayings.

References

Organic Lifestyle Magazine

US Apple

University of Minnesota Extension

Copyright Juli Seyfried 2019